SHMUEL-BUKH

SHMUEL-BUKH (Sefer Shemuel), 16th-century Yiddish epic. Considered the masterpiece of Old Yiddish midrashic epic, the narrative expertly reworks the biblical book of Samuel by means of an intimate knowledge of both post-biblical Jewish traditions (particularly those concerning the primary heroic characters Samuel, Saul, and David) and the conventions of the medieval German "minstrel epic," recasting the whole as an heroic epic. The text comprises 1,792 four-line stanzas of two rhyming couplets (AABB) (plus a colophon), each line divided rhythmically into two half-lines of three primary accents each (derived from the stanza characteristic of the Middle   High German Nibelungenlied). The melody to which the poem was performed became famous and was used for many other Yiddish poems of the period. While the issue of the author's identity has not been definitively resolved, Moses Esrim ve-Arba ("of the twenty-four books," i.e. a biblical scholar) named as author at the end of one early manuscript is now generally identified with an emissary from Jerusalem to Turkey in 1487, which accords with the conventional scholarly dating of the text (based on language use and topical references) to the late 15th century. The text is preserved in a complex tradition of 16th- and 17th-century manuscripts and printed editions (editio princeps, Augsburg, 1544) that precludes the construction of a critical edition. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: M. Weinreich, Bilder fun der Yidisher Literatur-Geshikhte (1928), 68–111; F. Falk and L. Fuks (eds.), Das Schmuelbuch des Mosche Esrim Wearba, 2 vols. (1961; facsimile of Augsburg, 1544); Ch. Shmeruk, Prokim fun der Yidisher Literatur-Geshikhte, 182–99, J.C. Frakes (ed.), Early Yiddish Texts: 11001750 (2004), 218–46; J. Baumgarten, Introduction to Old Yiddish Literatur (2005), 140–52. (Jerold Frakes (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Shmuel-Bukh — The Shmuel Bukh is a religious verse epic written in Yiddish. Composed no later than the second half of the 15th century and widely circulated in manuscript, it was first printed in Augsburg in 1544. Its stanzaic form resembles that of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Mlokhim-Bukh — The Mlokhim Bukh (English: Book of Kings) is a Yiddish religious verse epic by an unknown author, which recounts the monarchy of Solomon and the ancient history of the Hebrews up to the Babylonian Captivity. The oldest surviving fragment is dated …   Wikipedia

  • MELOKHIM-BUKH — (Sefer Melokhim), anonymous 16th century Yiddish epic. The epic s narrative material derives from the biblical book of Kings and its midrashic traditions (especially those concerning Solomon), while its poetic form and conception derive from the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • NIGER, SHMUEL — (pseudonym of Shmuel Tsharny; 1883–1955), Yiddish literary critic. Niger was born in 1883 in Dukor, a village near Minsk. His father was a fervent follower of Chabad Ḥasidim who died when Shmuel was six years old. Among his siblings were BORUCH… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • YIDDISH LITERATURE — This articles is arranged according to the following outline: introduction UNTIL THE END OF THE 18TH CENTURY the bible in yiddish literature epic homiletic prose drama liturgy ethical literature Historical Songs and Writings transcriptions of… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Yiddish literature — Introduction       the body of written works produced in the Yiddish language of Ashkenazic (Ashkenazi) Jewry (central and eastern European Jews and their descendants).       Yiddish literature culminated in the period from 1864 to 1939, inspired …   Universalium

  • LITERATURE, JEWISH — Literature on Jewish themes and in languages regarded as Jewish has been written continuously for the past 3,000 years. What the term Jewish literature encompasses, however, demands definition, since Jews have lived in so many countries and have… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Yiddish literature — Jewish culture Visual Arts Visual Arts list …   Wikipedia

  • YIDDISH (LANGUE, LITTÉRATURE ET THÉÂTRE) — Le yiddish est la principale langue utilisée au cours du dernier millénaire par les Juifs ashkénazes, c’est à dire les groupes juifs établis en Allemagne et en France depuis le temps de Charlemagne, en Bohême, en Pologne, en Lituanie, en Ukraine …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Histoire du yiddish — Article principal : Yiddish. Cet article présente l histoire du yiddish. Sommaire 1 Naissance et développement de la langue 1.1 Alt Yiddish (1250 – 1500) 1.2 Mitl yiddish (1500 – 1700) …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.